Only Anterior Surgery in Subaxial Cervical Fracture Dislocation-Our Experience

Abstract

1. Introduction
Cervical spine injuries are one of the most disabling injuries of the spine which in majority of the cases leads to permanent disability. majority of these injuries occur due to road traffic accident and fall from height [1]. cervical spine injuries are encountered in 2 to 3% of blunt trauma victims, while it constitute around 19 to 51% of all spinal trauma [2]. neurological injury is directly proportional to the severity of bony injury and majority of cervical fracture dislocation patients present with significant neurological injury [3].
Cervical fracture dislocation represents sever type of cervical spine trauma with both anterior and posterior column injury. In majority of the ceases these patients presents with neurological injury or at risk of developing one. Although there are reports of conservative treatment earlier but now majorities of these injuries are treated surgically [4]. These injuries are reduced close or open and stabilized and decompressed form anterior posterior or combine approach. Majority of cervical fracture dislocation cases need circumferential stabilization [5].